Information

Input Information Complexity, Perceived Time Pressure, and Information Processing in GSS-based Work Groups: An Experimental Investigation Using a Decision Schema to Alleviate Information Overload Conditions

Resource Author:  Souren Paul, Derek L. Nazareth
Resource Date:  04/01/2010
Resource Name:  Decision Support Systems
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Collaboration technology enhances the ability of work groups to acquire and share large volumes of information within a short period. The processing of voluminous information is challenging and may lead to conditions of information overload. The issue of complexity of information processing in collaboration technology supported group work, and the mechanisms to overcome the information overload conditions have not received sufficient attention in the past. In this paper, we attempt to address this gap by building a theoretical model and validating it through a laboratory experiment. (more…)

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Information Overload

Resource Author:  Nikolai Bezroukov
Resource Name:  Softparanorama
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

There can be several possible reasons if information overload:

* Too much information
* Can’t understand information
* Don’t know if the information exists
* Don’t know where to find information
* Can’t access information
* Don’t know if the information is accurate

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The Economist’s Special Report on Managing Information

Resource Date:  2/25/2010
Resource Name:  The Economist
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

The Economist’s Special Report on Managing Information

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Information Overload: Americans Consume 34 GB of Data Daily

Resource Author:  Barb Dybwod
Resource Date:  12/9/2009
Resource Name:  Mashable
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

They say the soul weighs 21 grams, and now we have a measurement of the American mind on any given day: 34 gigabytes. According to a University of California, San Diego, study highlighted by The New York Times, the average American consumes 34 GB worth of content a day, including a whopping 100,000 words of information.

The report clarifies that we don’t necessarily parse a full 100,000 words per day, but that that rather astounding figure does cross our eyes and ears each 24-hour interval via multiple channels: the Web, TV, text messaging, radio, video games and more.

The study goes on to break down which of those media tend to occupy most of our time. The big winner is still television at almost 45 percent of our daily allowance, but the computer is a not-too-distant second at about 27 percent. In all, we spend about 11.8 hours per day absorbing mass quantities of information, sometimes multitasking in front of multiple screens simultaneously.

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Information Overload: What It Is And How You Can Avoid It

Resource Author:  Mikkel
Resource Date:  9/18/2008
Resource Name:  Design by Mikkel
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Information overload: are you affected by it? How can you better manage it? Are big companies giving us more and better information? How can you determine which information is worthwhile looking at? How to you decrease the noise created by the huge volume of info coming at you everyday?

Information overload is a two-sided problem: 1) The sender does not communicate her message efficiently 2) The receiver is unable to filter the information and evaluate which is the one she really needs.

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Information overload within the health care system : a literature review

Resource Author:  Amanda Hall & Graham Walton
Resource Date:  6/10/2004
Resource Name:  Health Information & Libraries Journal
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

There is a widespread view held by health clinicians that their work effectiveness is impaired by ‘information overload.’ Building upon a previous work by Wilson, a review of the literature was undertaken to look for the evidence of this. It was found that the literature, particularly in the context of the clinical environment, was limited. (more…)

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The Mythology of Information Overload

Resource Author:  Tonyia Tidline
Resource Date:  2/1/1999
Resource Name:  Library Trends
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Library and Information Science work has often focused on the study of solutions to the effects of information overload. For this reason, and because the concept is frequently identified as a problem in popular culture, it is logical to assume that the existence and description of information overload has been documented through rigorous investigation.

Such is not the case. This article looks at the functions of myth and brings together ideas about the information society, information, and information overload to conclude that information overload is a myth of modern culture.

In this sense, myth is a nonscientific process that confirms the reality of an elusive phenomenon. The article also reports results of a pilot project intended to describe information overload experienced by a particular folk group composed of future library and information professionals. In addition to trying to enhance the description of information overload, the pilot project represents an attempt to test the idea of the folk group as a remedy for this condition.

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Stop hoarding information for a rainy day

Resource Author:  Nathan Zeldes
Resource Date:  12/29/2009
Resource Name:  Nathan Zeldes Blog
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Here’s a story from the early nineties, a time when much information in the workplace was stored and moved on sheets of mashed tree pulp.

Back then I was doing research into Artificial Neural Networks, and my coworkers at Intel got into the habit of mailing me (in an inter-office envelope) a copy of any article on the subject that they came across. And I got into the habit of piling the articles at the corner of my desk, so that I might read them one day when I had the time. After all, they were articles in my field of interest, so it made sense that I should read them and become wiser.

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Does affect influence information overload?

Resource Author:  Soussan D Djamashi
Resource Date:  1/1/2004
Resource Name:  ScholarSpace
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Recent developments in the information and communication technology have made it possible to provide managers with large amounts of information. Although information technology has been instrumental in improving the access and flow of information, it has also been instrumental in creating an overload of this same information for businesses and organizations.

Consequently, the problem of information overload and ways to manage it have been the focus of a great number of studies in the MIS literature. A large body of the studies that examine the effects of information overload view decision makers as rational actors who process information inputs into decision outputs and whose performance is constrained by their cognitive structure.

Recent psychological investigations have shown that affective states such as positive mood can regularly and significantly influence and enhance one’s cognitive structure and flexibility. In the light of these psychological studies, it is reasonable to believe that mood may influence the effects of information overload. That is, it is reasonable to expect that the performance of the people in positive mood will be better than their control counterparts under the conditions of information overload. Thus, this study intends to extend prior work on information overload by establishing mood as an important variable in the existing models.

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