medicine

Task errors by emergency physicians are associated with interruptions, multitasking, fatigue and working memory capacity: a prospective, direct observation study

Resource Author:  Johanna I Westbrook, Magdalena Z Raban, Scott R Walter, Heather Douglas
Resource Date:  01/20/2018
Resource Name:  BMJ Journals
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Interruptions, multitasking and poor sleep were associated with significantly increased rates of prescribing errors among emergency physicians. WMC mitigated the negative influence of these factors to an extent. These results confirm experimental findings in other fields and raise questions about the acceptability of the high rates of multitasking and interruption in clinical environments.

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Information Overload

Resource Author:  John B. Horrigan
Resource Date:  12/07/2016
Resource Name:  Pew Research Center
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Since the 1970s, the term “information overload” has captured society’s anxiety about the growth in the production of information having potentially bad consequences for people as they struggle to cope with seemingly constant streams of messages and images. The advent of the internet, it was thought, would only exacerbate this, with the onset of ubiquitous connectivity turning information overload into something even more debilitating.

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EEG reveals information essential to users

Resource Date:  12/08/2016
Resource Name:  Medical Press
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

For the first time, information retrieval is possible with the help of EEG interpreted with machine learning.
In a study conducted by the Helsinki Institute for Information Technology (HIIT) and the Centre of Excellence in Computational Inference (COIN), laboratory test subjects read the introductions of Wikipedia articles of their own choice. During the reading session, the test subjects’ EEG was recorded, and the readings were then used to model which key words the subjects found interesting.

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Navigating the blizzard: Connecting cancer specialists with curated, customized content

Resource Author:  Roni Robins
Resource Date:  12/06/2016
Resource Name:  BioPharmaDrive
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

2016 is on pace to be another record year for new cancer articles in the literature — 143,034 at the time of this writing. That’s 630 articles every weekday. And that’s just the medical journal articles. Add to that the thousands of annually produced abstracts presented at oncology meetings, FDA releases, guidelines changes, and all the rest and you have a true information blizzard for practicing oncologists to weather.

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Closing the healthcare data gap

Resource Date:  11/27/2016
Resource Name:  The Jordan Times
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

While much of the world today suffers from information overload, there are still places where information is scarce. And that scarcity sometimes costs people their lives.

In the maternity ward of Zanzibar’s largest public health facility, Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, patient data is listed on a dry-erase board. The information on the board consists of the number of women admitted, the type and severity of their conditions, and whether or not they survived.

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Information Overload Precedes Lemtrada Infusions

Resource Author:  Ed Tobias
Resource Date:  11/22/2016
Resource Name:  Multiple Sclerosis News Today
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

You know the saying about having too much of a good thing? I think that’s me, right now, as I think about starting infusions of the multiple sclerosis drug Lemtrada on Dec. 5.

Lemtrada is supposed to be a super drug. As I wrote in an earlier column, my neurologist calls it “stem cell lite.” Some wheelchair-bound MS patients have been able to take some steps after completing a course of Lemtrada. Others report similar improvements in other symptoms.

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Physician’s role is now that of curator

Resource Author:  Dr. Susan Mathison
Resource Date:  09/25/2016
Resource Name:  Inforum
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

The digital world has put us decidedly in the information age. Physicians are no longer the gatekeepers of health information as patients are able to Google and Bing and Yahoo and more. But I agree with Mitchell Kapor. “Getting information off the internet is like taking a drink from a fire hydrant,” he said.

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Using the Web or an App Instead of Seeing a Doctor? Caution Is Advised

Resource Author:  Austin Frakt
Resource Date:  07/11/2016
Resource Name:  New York Times
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Before they see a doctor, most patients turn to websites and smartphone apps.

Caution is advised. Research shows they aren’t very good.

A few years ago, doctors from the Mayo Clinic tested the wisdom of online health advice. Their conclusion: It’s risky. According to their study, going online for health advice is more likely to result in getting no advice or incomplete advice than the right advice.

The doctors assessed the quality of advice on the top sites returned from Google, Yahoo and Bing for searches on common health complaints — like “chest pain” or “headache.”

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Prostate Cancer: Informed Decisions or Information Overload?

Resource Author:  Howard Wolinsky
Resource Date:  06/17/2016
Resource Name:  MedPage Today
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

I thought I was about to start exploring the genomics of my Gleason 6 prostate cancer, which was diagnosed in late 2010.
But then I ran into a couple setbacks.
First off, my new urologist, Brian Helfand, MD, PhD, asked me to obtain the slides from my biopsy.
Easier said than done.
I called the office of my first urologist, the one who wanted to rush me into a prostatectomy. I was informed that the office had no record of my ever having been seen there for prostate cancer.

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EHR Info Overload Plagues Primary Care Docs

Resource Author:  Sarah Wickline Wallan
Resource Name:  Medpage Today
URL:   Link to Source Article or Site

Inbox notifications from electronic health records (EHRs) exceeded 100 per day for some primary care physicians (PCPs) during the first half of 2015, a small study reported.

Across three large practices in Texas, 46 PCPs received an average of 77 notifications per day, and 46 specialists received a mean 29 notifications per day, including responses to referrals, requests for medication refills, and messages from other healthcare professionals, reported Daniel R. Murphy, MD, MBA, of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, and colleagues.

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