IO typically is associated with processing input from external sources, e.g., e-mail and search engine results.
An IO issue also can occur when retrieving information from our memory, e.g., the cue used for retrieval may be associated with multiple items in our long-term memory. Specificity of encoding information to be stored will reduce this risk.
Matthew Guyan suggests 5 ways to improve the distinctiveness of encoding cues for effective recall
Further, McDermitt & Roediger III (Washington U.) describe the 3 stages of memory processing–a foundation for understanding the role of cues for information retrieval.
Consider how mnemonics, acronyms, and acrostics can facilitate encoding information for targeted, not diffuse recall. #EndInfoOverload